Phelps, Jedediah

Male 1783 - 1851  (67 years)


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  • Name Phelps, Jedediah 
    Born 2 Mar 1783  Willington, Tolland, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Christened 3 Oct 1784  Second Congregational Church, Mansfield, Tolland, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Residence 1804 - 1813  Swanton, Franklin, Vermont, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    From 1804 - 1813 Jedediah was in Swanton's Grand List (tax roll). In 1810 Jed leased 25 acres of lot 9 in Swanton and later (no date) transferred the lease to Joseph Atkinson. In 1813 Jedediah's lease on the 25 acre parcel on lot 9 was sold at Vendue (sheriff's auction). See pdf documents below for tax rolls and details on land transactions. 
    Residence 1816 - 1840  Dryden, Tompkins, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
    Goodrich and Hewitt each wrote that Jedediah was in Dryden by 1816 and was a brick maker.

    1820 US Census: Dryden, Tompkins, New York
    Enumeration Date: August 7, 1820
    Free White Persons - Males - Under 10: 2
    Free White Persons - Males - 26 thru 44: 1
    Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 15: 2
    Free White Persons - Females - 26 thru 44: 1
    Number of Persons - Engaged in Manufactures: 1

    1825 New York Census: Dryden, Tompkins, New York
    Number males including head: 4
    Number females: 4
    Number males qualified to vote: 1
    Number females older than 45: 1
    Number of females younger than 16: 3
    Number of births the preceding year: 1
    Number of meat cattle: 3
    Number sheep: 13
    Number hogs: 2
    Number yards fulled cloth manufactured: 12
    Number yards flannel or other woolen cloth: 18
    Number yards linen, cotton or other then cloth: 10

    1830 US Census: Dryden, Tompkins, New York
    Free White Persons - Males - 5 thru 9: 1
    Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 14: 2
    Free White Persons - Males - 40 thru 49: 1
    Free White Persons - Females - Under 5: 1
    Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 14: 2
    Free White Persons - Females - 40 thru 49: 1

    1835 New York Census: Dryden, Tompkins, New York
    Number of males incuding head: 4
    Number of females: 4
    Number of males subject to militia: 2
    Number of males qualified to vvote: 2
    Number of unmarried females bewteen 16 & 45: 2
    Number of unmarried females under 16: 1
    Number of improved acres occupied by family: 6
    Number of neat cattle: 6
    Number of horses: 1
    Number of sheep: 18
    Number of hogs: 2
    Number of yards of fulled cloth manufactured: 15
    Number of yards of flannel or other woolen cloth not fulled: 40
    Number of yards of linen, cotton or other thin cloth: 94

    Home in 1840: Dryden, Tompkins, New York
    Free White Persons - Males - 15 thru 19: 1
    Free White Persons - Males - 20 thru 29: 2
    Free White Persons - Males - 50 thru 59: 1
    Free White Persons - Females - 15 thru 19: 1
    Free White Persons - Females - 20 thru 29: 2
    Free White Persons - Females - 50 thru 59: 1 
    Residence 1850  Conneaut, Crawford, Pennsylvania, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    Home in 1850: Conneaut, Crawford, Pennsylvania, USA
    Household Members:
    Name Age
    Jedediah Phelps 67
    Fanny P Phelps 32
    Arthur F Phelps 29
    James L Phelps 34
    Eleanor Phelps 26 [James wife, Ellen on gravestone]
    Orlande J Phelps 17 James and Ellen's son. actually born abt 1849]
    Sophia Walker 76 [prob Zerviah Phelps Walker] 
    Died 7 Jan 1851  Crawford County, Pennsylvania, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [11
    Buried Penn Line Cemetery, Linesville, Crawford, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location  [11
    Person ID I1227  Martin-Bloom
    Last Modified 21 Jul 2019 

    Father Phelps, Paul (2nd),   b. 19 Oct 1748, Lebanon, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1820  (Age 71 years) 
    Mother Calkins, Zerviah,   b. 18 Oct 1748, Lebanon, New London, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Prob Aft 1800, Vermont, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Married 18 Feb 1768  Lebanon First Congregational Church Find all individuals with events at this location  [12, 13
    Notes 
    • There are important errors in the description of Paul's family in Phelps Family of America by Oliver Phelps and Andrew Servin. Phelps and Servin incorrectly state that Zerviah died in 1776 and that Paul then married Theodosia Root of Westfield, Massachusetts. Phelps and Servin list Paul's last four children (John, Solomon, Jedediah and Paul 3rd) as Theodosia's children. However, they actually were Zerviah's children as shown by Dimock's transcription of the records of the Town of Mansfield and the Second Church of Mansfeld, and by an image of a page from Willington Town records for the births of Jedediah and Paul 3rd. (Regrettably, Phelps and Servin were aware of the birth records showing Zerviah as the mother, but chose to list the children as Theodosia's without providing any evidence.)
      There were two Theodosia Roots in Westfield at the time, neither of whom could have married Paul in 1776.
      Theodosia(1) was b. 28 Oct 1757 in Westfield, the daughter of Solomon Root and Mary Church Root. Her father bequeathed his "daughter Theodosia Root 30 pounds" in his will written 1 Aug 1786 and proved the same year (ancestry.com erroneously says the will was proved on 1 Aug 1786). The use of her maiden name indicates that she was not yet married. She appears to have married a Solomon Phelps soon after her father's death. In 1804, the widow Theodosia Phelps of Westfield married Ebenezer Williams. The deceased was not Paul, as he was still living in Swanton, Vermont.
      Theodosia(2) was b. 1 Jul 1759, to Martin Root and Eunice Lamb Root. She married Gad Root, a brother of Theodosia(1) on 19 Jun 1779. Theodore, their last child for whom there is a birthdate was b. in 1797. Theodosia (2) d. 23 Aug 1812 and Gad Root died 13 Nov 1824.
      Phelps and Servin state that after Zerviah’s death Paul moved to Westfield and then to Pennsylvania where he died. Paul’s known movements do not fit that scenario. Paul was still living in Windham, Connecticut in December of 1794 when he advertised that he was going to grind salt, and he (“Paul Phelps of Windham, Windham County Connecticut”) bought land in Woodford, Vermont in 1795 where he resided until about 1803 when he moved to Swanton, Vermont. He lived in Swanton until at least 1814. There is no record of him moving to Pennsylvania after this. (All of his sons and his daughter Zerviah lived in New York for many years after 1814, and a man of his age very likely would have stayed near or with one of his children. )
      Finally, Phelps and Servin state that Zerviah Calkins was probably the daughter of John and Sarah Huntington Calkins, but that is unlikely because this Zerviah would have been 50 when Paul 3rd was born, a very late (although not impossible) age to give birth. Zerviah Calkins' parents were probably Solomon Calkins and Zerviah Dewey This Zerviah would have been 37 years old when Paul 3rd was born. [2, 14, 15]
    Family ID F75  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Unknown 
    Notes 
    • Children assumed from 1850 US Census and inscriptions on gravestone.
    Children 
    +1. Phelps, James L,   b. 1 Jan 1816,   d. 23 Jan 1874  (Age 58 years)
     2. Phelps, Fanny P,   b. Abt 1818
     3. Phelps, Arthur,   b. 27 Apr 1820,   d. 17 Jul 1887  (Age 67 years)
    Last Modified 21 Jul 2019 
    Family ID F824  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 2 Mar 1783 - Willington, Tolland, Connecticut Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - From 1804 - 1813 Jedediah was in Swanton's Grand List (tax roll). In 1810 Jed leased 25 acres of lot 9 in Swanton and later (no date) transferred the lease to Joseph Atkinson. In 1813 Jedediah's lease on the 25 acre parcel on lot 9 was sold at Vendue (sheriff's auction). See pdf documents below for tax rolls and details on land transactions. - 1804 - 1813 - Swanton, Franklin, Vermont, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Goodrich and Hewitt each wrote that Jedediah was in Dryden by 1816 and was a brick maker. 1820 US Census: Dryden, Tompkins, New York Enumeration Date: August 7, 1820 Free White Persons - Males - Under 10: 2 Free White Persons - Males - 26 thru 44: 1 Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 15: 2 Free White Persons - Females - 26 thru 44: 1 Number of Persons - Engaged in Manufactures: 1 1825 New York Census: Dryden, Tompkins, New York Number males including head: 4 Number females: 4 Number males qualified to vote: 1 Number females older than 45: 1 Number of females younger than 16: 3 Number of births the preceding year: 1 Number of meat cattle: 3 Number sheep: 13 Number hogs: 2 Number yards fulled cloth manufactured: 12 Number yards flannel or other woolen cloth: 18 Number yards linen, cotton or other then cloth: 10 1830 US Census: Dryden, Tompkins, New York Free White Persons - Males - 5 thru 9: 1 Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 14: 2 Free White Persons - Males - 40 thru 49: 1 Free White Persons - Females - Under 5: 1 Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 14: 2 Free White Persons - Females - 40 thru 49: 1 1835 New York Census: Dryden, Tompkins, New York Number of males incuding head: 4 Number of females: 4 Number of males subject to militia: 2 Number of males qualified to vvote: 2 Number of unmarried females bewteen 16 & 45: 2 Number of unmarried females under 16: 1 Number of improved acres occupied by family: 6 Number of neat cattle: 6 Number of horses: 1 Number of sheep: 18 Number of hogs: 2 Number of yards of fulled cloth manufactured: 15 Number of yards of flannel or other woolen cloth not fulled: 40 Number of yards of linen, cotton or other thin cloth: 94 Home in 1840: Dryden, Tompkins, New York Free White Persons - Males - 15 thru 19: 1 Free White Persons - Males - 20 thru 29: 2 Free White Persons - Males - 50 thru 59: 1 Free White Persons - Females - 15 thru 19: 1 Free White Persons - Females - 20 thru 29: 2 Free White Persons - Females - 50 thru 59: 1 - 1816 - 1840 - Dryden, Tompkins, New York, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Home in 1850: Conneaut, Crawford, Pennsylvania, USA Household Members: Name Age Jedediah Phelps 67 Fanny P Phelps 32 Arthur F Phelps 29 James L Phelps 34 Eleanor Phelps 26 [James wife, Ellen on gravestone] Orlande J Phelps 17 James and Ellen's son. actually born abt 1849] Sophia Walker 76 [prob Zerviah Phelps Walker] - 1850 - Conneaut, Crawford, Pennsylvania, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Penn Line Cemetery, Linesville, Crawford, Pennsylvania Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Documents
    Birth Records for Jedediah Phelps and Paul Phelps 3rd from Town of Willington, Connecticut
    Birth Records for Jedediah Phelps and Paul Phelps 3rd from Town of Willington, Connecticut
    Records for Jedediah and Paul are marked with a red line. Original is from familysearch.org
    Phelps Family Members in the Swanton Vermont Tax Rolls, 1804-1813 (pdf)
    Phelps Family Members in the Swanton Vermont Tax Rolls, 1804-1813 (pdf)
    Includes links to original images of tax rolls on familysearch.org
    Phelps Family Land Transactions in Swanton, Vermont (pdf)
    Phelps Family Land Transactions in Swanton, Vermont (pdf)
    Included are land transactions of Paul Phelps (2nd), his sons Solomon, Jedediah and Paul, Jr. (3rd) and Paul's son-in-law Daniel Walker.

    Headstones
    Grave Monument for Jedediah Phelps and his family.
    Grave Monument for Jedediah Phelps and his family.
    Named on the front face: Jedediah Phelps and Sophia Walker. Right face: James L. Phelps and Ellen W. Phelps. Back face: Arthur Phelps. Left face: E.B. Bennett Aged 92, [A. or M.] E. Bennett Aged 63 or 68, W.H. Bennett Aged 28, T.H. Bennett Aged 59, A.E.Bennett Aged 81.
    Inscription for Jedediah Phelps and Sophia Walker on the front of the Phelps monument.
    Inscription for Jedediah Phelps and Sophia Walker on the front of the Phelps monument.
    The year of Jedediah's death is unclear in the inscription (prob 1854, poss 1851). If was 1851 his age 68 would have agreed with his birth year (1783). If Sophia's age (80 years) is correct she died in 1853. Note that she is listed on Findagrave as Sophia Walker Phelps, but it almost certainly should be Sophia Phelps Walker. See note on her marriage.

  • Sources 
    1. [S179] Connecticut Births and Christenings, 1646 - 1906, (database on-line, familysearch.org), Willington Vital Records, Vol B, p 14 (Barbour Coll p 176).

    2. [S254] Births, Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths in Mansfield, Connecticut, Susan W. Dimock, (The Baker and Taylor Company, 1898), 974.64 M28., pp. 140, 437.

    3. [S291] The Centennial History of the Village of Dryden 1797 - 1897, Geo[rge] E. Goodrich, (J. Giles Ford Printer, The Dryden Herald Steam Printing House, Dryden, N.Y., 1898), p. 77.

    4. [S290] Landmarks of Tompkins County, New York, au. W. H. Hewitt; ed. J. H. Selkreg, (D. Mason & Co., Syracuse, N. Y. 1894), p. 257.

    5. [S132] 1820 US Census, National Archives and Records Administration, n.d., (ancestry.com), Dryden, Tompkins, New York; Page: 26; NARA Roll: M33_76; Image: 59.

    6. [S292] 1825 New York Census, Dryden, Tompkins County, image 58: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSQ7-29CW-C?i=57&cat=85488.

    7. [S133] 1830 US Census, National Archives and Records Administration, (ancestry.com), Dryden, Tompkins, New York; Series: M19; Roll: 109; Page: 459; Family History Library Film: 0017169.

    8. [S293] 1835 New York Census, Dryden, Tompkins County, image 314, https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSQ7-29HQ-J?i=313&cat=85488.

    9. [S134] 1840 US Census, National Archives and Records Administration, (ancestry.com), Dryden, Tompkins, New York; Page: 193.

    10. [S93] 1850 US Census, (National Archives and Records Administration), Conneaut, Crawford, Pennsylvania; Roll: M432_770; Page: 102B; Image: 211.

    11. [S202] findagrave.com, Memorial # 128074876.

    12. [S100] Connecticut Church Record Abstracts, Vol. 57, Lebanon First Congregational Church, p. 158.

    13. [S177] Calkins Family in America, Kenneth W. Calkins (Ed.), (Calkins Family Association, 2000), p. 27.

    14. [S253] Phelps Family of America, Oliver S. Phelps and Andrew T. Servin, (Engle Publishing Co., Pittsfield, MA, 1899), 929.2 P537., Vol. 2, p. 1350.

    15. [S276] Root Genealogical Records. 1600-1870., James Pierce Root, (R.C. Root, Anthony & Co, New York (1870)), pp. 329, 334, 361.